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意大利申博真人【pixbylee.com】为您提供集团最新官方网站,更高级的VIP服务体验,更多的优惠活动,更快速的存取款时间,专属美女客服一对一服务,赶快注册游戏吧。余姚猜碳称科技股份有限公司(原长沙戳娇电子有限公司)成立于1991年,占地面积14604平方米,qy8千赢CQ9跳过来游戏其中生产厂房占地2244平方米,仓库面积占地6916平方米。固定资产7282万元,流动资产5098万元,干部职工共966人,工程技术人员47人。意大利申博真人LeiWeiTheoutbreakoftheinternationalfinancialcrisishastaughtusaprofoundlesson,thatis,guardingagainstthesystematicrisksandstrengtheningtheprudentmacromanagement,itisofvitalimportancetodrawonandpaycloseattentiontotheinternationaltrendofreformonprudentmacromanagementframeworkandconstructonethatissuitedtoChinaeworkatthePresentStageofDevelopmentinChinaCurrently,thefinancialregulationinChinastillremainsatthelevelofprudentmicromanagementandtheconceptofaprudentmacromanagementhas,thelatenthiddensystematicrisksarepressingforthereformofChinabilityareincreasingAtpresent,Chinalacksaspecialdepartmentinitsmacro-controlsystemtogetagraspoftheoverallpictureofthesystematicfinancialrisksfromtheprudentmacromanagementperspectiveandtomakein-depthanalysisofthecloselinkpolicy-making,,themacrorisksfacingChinasfinancialsystemmainlyinclude:One,theadverseimpactofthedisequilibriuma,thepressuregeneratedbytheaccumulationoftheassetpricebubbles,suchastherealestateprices,,thepressurearisingfromthedrasticincreaseofloansthroughi,thegrowingimpactofthecross-bordercapitalflowonChinaralldevelopmentInrecentyears,withthedevelopmentofthepilotprojectsofcomprehensivefinancialbusinessmanagementandofmulti-industryandtrans-marketintersectingfinancialbusinessoperationrepresentedbywealthmanagementproductsandprivateequities,thecurrentlyenforcedfinancialregulationsystemisbeingfacedwithseverechallengesandthesystematicf,thereisalackofeffectivesupervisionovertheever-growingfinancialholdingcompanies,particularlythereislittlesupervisionoverthecomprehensi,,thereisashortageofunitaryregulatoryrulesonmulti-industryandtrans-marketintersectingfinancialbusinessoperations,spresentfinancialregulationsystemAtpresent,thePeoplesBankofChina,ChinaBankingRegulatoryCommission,ChinaSecuritiesRegulatoryCommissionandChinaInsuranceRegulatoryCommissionhaveconductedthefinancialsupervisionandcontrolinitsinitialform,thusofficiallyformingthefinancialregulationsystemcharacterizedbydividedoperation,dividedcontrolansBankofChinaismainlyinchargeofformulating,enhancingandimplementingmonetarypoliciesand,meanwhile,italsopracticesforeignexchangecontrol,exercisesfollow-upsurveysoftheinternationalfinancialmarketandissueearly-warningsonmarketrisks,supervisesandcontrolscross-bordercapitalflows,interbankmarkets,bankbondmarkets,bankbillmarkets,interbankforeignexchangemarkets,goldma,theStateCouncilapprovedtheRegulationontheMainFunctions,InteriorInstitutionsandStaffingofthePeoplesBankofChinaansfinancialregulationsystemInrecentyears,withtherapiddevelopmentoffinancialglobalization,liberalizationandfinancialinnovation,thefinancialindustryhasbeenopeningwide,thepresentfinancialregulationsystemhasbecomeincreasinglyunabletoadapttothechangesandtheinherentdefectsofthissystemhavegraduallyloomedup.(1)InadequatesupervisionandcoordinationunderthepresentregulationsystemCurrently,multi-industryproblemsaremainlysolvedthroughconsultationatt,theministry-leveljointconferencemechanismisonlyanexpedientmeasureforstrengtheningfinancialregulationandcoordinationunderthepresentfinancialsystem,,theministry-leveljointconferencesystemisusuallyatemporaryfinancialregulationan,forlackoflegalsupportonthenationallevel,theconstraintandauthoritativenessofsuchamechanismwillbecrippledconsiderablyandthedecisionsmadeatthejointconferenceswon,usually,“memorandums”aresignedbyvarioussectorsfortheestablishmentoftheministry-leepolicyorbusinessissues,thecoord,thoughthePeoplesBankofChinaplaysaroleinsafeguardingthefinancialstability,ithasnorelevantmeasuresandadministrativeauthoritativeness.(2)InadequateconstructionofthesystemforguardingagainstsystematicfinancialrisksTherehasbeeninadequateconstructheopeningup,thesystematicfinancialriskswillexertincreasinglyevidentinfluenceonChinasiveinthedaystocome,therewill,weshouldtakeprecautionsbymakingfulluseofChinaslatterdevelopmentadvantagesinsystematicinnovationanddesignandplaninadvanceafinancialregulationsystemconducivetoguardingagainstanddissolvingsystematicfinancialrisks.Source:StatisticalbulletinsoftheStateandrelevantprovinces,,whengivingdueconsiderationforeconomicperformanceanddevelopmenttrendsathomeandabroad,actinarightwaytoproperlyhandletherelationshipsbetweentheshort-termgrowthandtheimprovementofthelong-termcompetitivepowerandamelioratethemechanismfrces,scaleoflanduse,environmentalprotection,productquality,safetyproduction,sofinnovationsoastobringdownproductioncostandreducepollutionandtofinallyrealizetheindustrialtransformationandupgrading(Gardiar,1994).Weshouldtakeprecautionsagainsttheuseofsubsidiesanddemand-stimulantpoliciesunfavorabletotheenhancementoftheindustrialde,onthepremiseofgivingplaytotherolesofenterprisesasthemainstay,weshouldconstructsystematicinnovation-incentivepolicies,institutionalenvironmentsandatmospheresofpublicopinion,encouragetheimprovementoftechnicalinnovation,managementinnovation,marketinginnovation,businesspatterninnovationandinstitutionalinnovation,guidelow-endproductionsectorstostepuptechnicaltransformation,efficiencyenhancementortransfertolower-costregions,developmid-andhigh-endlinksandindustriesgeneratinghigheraddedvalue,formreasonabledivisionoflaboramongindustrialchains,properlyhandleeconomicandsocialissuesbroughtaboutbyenterpriseclustersandwithdrawalofbackwardcapacities,breakdownroadblocksandtransfetlyfacingenterprisesincoa,uchexternalfactorsasadjustmentofexchangeratesandreductionofoverseasdemand,widenughtaboutbyenterpriseswithmanagementdifficoductionandbusinessoperationandguidethemtoimprovetheirbusinessmanagementandinnovationIndustrialTransformationandUpgradinginCoastalRegionsofSoutheastChinaInlightofthefieldsurveysinthecoastalregionsofsoutheastChina,itcanbejudgedthatthereexist"threeextrusions",manymanufacrealestatemarketbyleapsandbounds,manyenterprisesnolongermakeinvestmentinvariousindustriesandhaveturned"sidelines"into"majors".Thus,agreatdealofnongovernmentalcapitalhasaggregatedinthefieldofthevirtu,however,isapttocausesthatamong7industries,suchasthemanufacturingindustry,theminingindustry,theconstructionindustry,thefinancialindustry,therealestateindustry,thecommunicationsandtransportationindustry,thewarehousingandpostalservice,thepowerindustryandtheproductionandsupplyofgasandwater,themanufacturingindustrymaintainedamaximumofthereturnofcapitalduring1993~1997,whilethereturnofcapitaloftherealestateindustryandthefi,inparticular,hasmaintainedahighestreturnofcapitalsince2003(Figure1).Thisiswhyquiteanumberofenterprisesandcapitalhavebeenputintothefinancialandtherealestateindustries.。

    ChinaEntrepreneursSurveySystemofhumanresourceresearchandtrainingcenterofDRCResearchReportNo127,2010TheEntrepreneurSurveySystemattachedtotheHumanResourceStudyandTrainingCenterofDRChasissued16,000questionnaireson"Follow-upQuestionnaireSurveyofChineseBusinessOperators2009",5,31provinces,,thenumbe%%respectively;t%,%%,%.,butthinkitmoredi%ofbusinessoperatorsare"quitefamiliarwith"or"familiarwith"relevantstrategictheories,%ofthemare"familiaronthewhole"%ofthemare"quiteunfamiliar"or"lessfamiliar";over70%ofenterpriseshavemappedoutwrittenstrategicplansforaperiodofmorethanoneyearandlessthan1/3ofthemhaveformulatedstrategicplansforaperiodofoverthreeyears;%ofbusinessoperatorsagreeorquiteagreethat"itismuchmoredifficulttoimplementthestrategiesthantomapthemout",%%,(Theevaluationofestimateiscalculatedona5-pointbasisquiteagree=5,agree=4,justagree=3,disagree=2,quitedisagree=,),,businessoperatorshavebasicallyrecognizedtheimportanceoftheenterprisestrategyandknowaboutstrategictheories,yetonlylessthanonethirdofenterpri,mostbusinessoperatorsthinkitmuchmoredifficulttoimplementstrategiesthantomapthemout,whichsuggeststhatformulatingeffectivestrategiesandimprovingtheabilitytoimplementthest(SOEs)andpersonaldecision-makingispracticedinnon-state-ownedbusinessesWithregardtothemainworkwhichoperatorsaredirectlyinchargeof,%oftheoperatorshavechosen"formulationofstrategies",,%oftheoperatorshavechosenthepositionof"Director/GeneralManager",rankingthetop,%ofthemhavechosenpositionsin"BoardofDirectors",rankingthesecond,withotherschoosingpostsin"managergroups"orin"highercompetentauthorities"and"leadingenterprisePartygroups".Thesurveyshowsthatdirector/generalmanagerandboardofdirectorsareonthewholethemainbodytofinalizestrategicdecisionsandfinalstrategicdecisionsaremadebydirectors/generalmanagersinhalfoftheenterprises,oupsinover60%ofthestate-ownedenterprisesandsuchdecisionsaremadebydirectors/generalmanagersinmorethan50%e-ownedenterprises,ongoperatorsisofcriticalimportancetotheenhancementofthedecision-makingabilityWithregardtothemethodsforimprovingthestrategicdecision-makingability,thesurveyshowsthatthefirstthreechoicesbybusinessoperatorsaresuccessively"optimizinghighermanagementgroups","improvingstrategicthinkingamongentrepreneurs"and"amelioratinginstitutionalframeworkandmanagementsystems".Otherchoicesinclude"encouragingemployeestoparticipateindecision-making","transformingpersonalvaluesofentrepreneurs","shapinginnovativeculture"and"optimizingprocessofstrategicdecision-making".Thesurveyshowsthat,generallyspeaking,businessoperatorsthinkthatthemainchannelsforimprovingthedecision-makingabilityaresuccessively"optimizinghighermanagementgroups","improvingstrategicthinkingamongentrepreneurs","amelioratinginstitutionalframeworkandmanagementsystems","encouragingemployeeparticipation"and"transformingpersonalvaluesofentrepreneurs".,"optimizingequitiesandcorporategovernance"issecondonlyto"optimizinghighermanagementgroups"and"improvingstrategicthinkingamongentrepreneurs",rankingthethird,whichsuggeststhat,forstateandstatecontrollingcompanies,equityoptimizationandsystematicreformisstillo"imperative"and"visionary",withlessparticipationbyemployeesThesurveyhasbeenmadeinto"imperative","visionary","formalstrategicplan"and"employeeparticipation""imperative","visionary"and"formalstrategicplan"decision-makingmodelsandspeakrelativelylowofthe"employeeparticipation"reemodelstomakedecisionsandhavelaidparticularstresson"imperative"and"visionary",the"imperative"modelhasbeenscoredthehighest,indicatingthattheimperativedecision-makingiscurrenorereacting"imperative"or"visionary"models,whichtoacertainextentreflectsthedynamicsandcomplexityofthebusinessenvironmentinChinaandstressestheimpactoftraditiona,the"employeeparticipation"modelhasbeenscoredlowly,suggestingthatemployeesofC,profitability,overallqualityandsocialperformanceand,meanwhile,hasanalyzedthecorrelationbetweendecision-makingmodelsandthebusinessperformance(Thegrowthincludessalesgrowthandmarketoccupancy;profitabilityincludesprofitmargin,profitlevelandrateofreturnoninvestment;overallqualityincludescompetitiveposition,customersatisfactionandstabilityofworkers;socialperformanceincludessocialimage,).Thesurveyshowsthat"visionary","formalstrategicplan"and"employeeparticipation"modelshaveaconspicuouspositivecorrelationwithallthefouraspectsofthebusinessperformance,whilethe"imperative"modelhasaconspicuouspositivecorrelationonlywithoverallqualityandsocialperf"imperative"modelplaysonthewholeapartofsuccessandfailureinthedevelopmentofChineseenterprisesandthat,toraisethebusinessperformance,weshouldononehandstepupthestrategicthinkinganddecision-makingabilityofbusinessoperatorsandontheotherhandshouldplaceimportanceon"visionary","formalstrategicplan"and"employeeparticipation"modelsandenhancetherationalityofthedecision-makingmodels.ByGongSen,ZhangWenkuiChenChangshengResearchReportNo122,2010Ensuringandimprovingpeopleswell-beinginvolvesemploymentpromotion,incomedistribution,education,healthcare,housingguarantee,socialassistanceandsocialinsurance,andtheliableentitiesincludeindividuals,families,employingunits,ermsofeducation,healthcare,housing,,thefirstthreearebasicpublicservi~2015,irst30yearssincereformandopeningup,sassumethattheannualaverageexportgrowthrateis12%orsobetween2010~2015,~%during2010~2015period,thenaccordingtothepreliminarycalculationmadeatconstantpricesof2008,thedeclineoftheexpo~,,,basedonthedifferencesinaddedvalueratesofbothdomesticandforeigndemand,securityandthehouseholdconsumptionratearebothonthelowside,sdomesticdemand,investmenthasgrownhighly,,theimprovem,tofurthertapthelatentpotentialitiesforthegrowthofthxpenditureinclusiveofsocialinsurancefund,theproportionofexpenditureonbasicsocialsecurity(includingeducation,healthcareandhousing)intotalexpenditurespentbythegovernmentsofcountrieswiththeirper-capitaGDPreaching3000~%onanaverage(,,DC.),whilesuchaproportioninChinaregistered38%orsoin2008(figuredoutaccordingtoChinaFinancialYearbook,2009,ChinaSocialInsuranceYearbook,2009andstatisticalbulletinsondevelopmentofsocialundertakings).Comparingthetwopercentages,GDP,,healthcare,housingsecurity,socialassistanceandold-agelife,%(WangShanmai,"GivingPrioritytoDevelopingSocialSecurityRequiresUrgentInput",,January13,2009),2%(WHO,),1%(LiuZhifeng,"DevelopingLow-rentHousingIsaMoveforImprovingtheUrbanHousingSecuritySystem",,May25,2008),%(Weigand,,DC:WorldBank.)%[Asher,:,Robert,etal.(eds.)ClosingtheCoverageGap::WorldBank.]respectively,%,whileproportionsoffivetypesoffinancialexpenditurespentbyChinain2008(figuredoutaccordingtoChinaFinancialYearbook,2009,ChinaSocialInsuranceYearbook,2009andstatisticalbulletinsondevelopmentofsocialundertakings)%,%,%,%and0%respectively,%.ComparingthepercentagesbetweenChinaandtheaforesaidcountries,,,,,rsandthehouseholdconsumptionrate,thehouseholdconsumptionrateoftheEastAsiancountrieswiththeirper-capitaGDPreaching3000USdollarsorsoshouldbearound60%(/WDI.),%,ionofnationalincometoisprimarydistributionofitsnationalincome,theabsoluteincomelevelo,theincomegapbetweenregions,ruralandurbanareas,,someproblemsthatcropupintheprimarydistributionhav,slaborshareisbasicallyinlinewiththe"UCurve"(Inthecourseoftheeconomicdevelopmentinvariouscountries,thechangeoflaborshareinprimarydistributionshowstheUCurve,namely,thelaborsharedeclinesbeforeitrises,,LiuLinlinWangHongling:"UCurveofLaborShareEvolutioninGDP",EconomicResearch,1stIssueof2009)supportedbyinternationalstatistics,andthewideningincomegapbetweenChineseresidentsalsotallieswith"KuznetsCurve"(WangXiaoluFanGang:"AnAnalysisoftheTrendsoftheIncomeGapinChinaandtheInfluencingFactors",EconomicResearch,10thIssueof2005).AccordingtoKuznetsanalysis(Kuznets,,AmericanEconomicReview,)ofthechangingincomegap,asimilarityexistsbetweenChinaandthecountriesofmaturemarketeconomy,namely,industrializationandurbanizationwillinitiallycauseandaggravatethelowratioofthelaborshareinincomedistributionandthegrowingdisparityandwillyetimprovetheincomedistributioninthelongrun.10-200米ByLiuShijin,ZhangJunkuo,HouYongzhiZhuoXian,TaskForceon"ChinasLevelofDevelopmentatthePresentStage",LeadingPartyGroupDepartmentofDevelopmentStrategyandRegionalEconomyofDRCResearchReportNo71,2011Theterm"developingcountry"referstoacountrythathasrelativelylowlevelsofeconomicandsocialdevelopmentandpeopleslivingstandardandisstillintheprocessoftransfor,itseconomyhasbeengrowingatanaverageannualrateofnearly10%anditstremendousachievemenllyacceptablepercapitadevelopmeeaquestionintheworldWhyhavesomeorganizationsandindividualsoftenquestionedChinas"developingcountry"statusconsciouslyorunconsciouslyandevenaskedChinatoassumeinternationalresponsibilitiesasadevelopedcountryThelateststatisticaldataindicatethatintermsofthegrossdomesticproduct(GDP),ChinaovertookJapanin2010tobecometheworld,somepeoplesuggestedChinaslabelsas"adevelopingcountryandanemergingmarket",weneedtoexplainwhyChinaremainsadevelopingcountryandatthesametimestudywhyChinas"developingcountry"ionalcommunitysmisunderstandingofthepresentstageofChinaseconomicdevelopmentbutalsohelpuscorrectlyunderstanlityThatChinasPerCapitaLevelsAreLowThetruelevelofacountrysdevelopmentismainlymeasuredbyitspercapitalevels,especiallyinthe30yearsafterChinabeganreformandopeningup,thecountry,Chinaisalreadytheworld,thelevelofChina,ChinaspercapitaGDPwasonly3,744dollarsin2009,whichwaslessthanhalfoftheworldaveragelevelof8,(46,000dollars),Japan(39,000dollars),Chinaspercapitapowerconsumptionin2007was2,332KWHs,rican(13,000KWHs).Alsoin2007,autopossessionbyper1,sautopossessionbyper1,ualityofthepeople,thelowerthelivingstandardis,sEngleCoefficientisfarhigherthanthatofdevelopedcountries(Table1).ThisindicatesthattheChinesestillhavetouseaconsiderableproportionoftheirspendingtomeettheirfood,,theyspendmuchlessoncultural,health,,whichisabasiclivingindicator,Chinas89%levelisnotonlyfarlowerthanindevelopedcountriesbutalsolowerthaninBrazil,SouthAfricaandotherdevelopingcountries(Table1).Sointermsoflivingstandard,outChinasGDPFirst,thesepeopledonotreallycareint,buttheytakethemmoreasapopeople,theywouldnotignorethepercapitaindicatorsthatcanbestreflectthestateofthelifeanddevelopmentoftheChinesepeopleandshouldnotchallengeChinas"developingcountry"statusbycitingChinasGDPratherthanitspercapitaindicators.。

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WeiJigangThekeyindustriessuchaspetrochemicals,ironandsteel,nonferrousmetals,equipmentmaking,electronicinformation,lightindustry,textiles,auto-makingandshipbuildingenewcenturyandtheoutburstofthefinancialcrisis,wiskeyindustrieshavedevelopedrapidlyinrecentyearsduetoacceleratedindustrializationandurbanization,high-levelmarketizationandopeningup,continuousscienceandtechnologyadvance,activepolicysupport,richfactorinput,acceleratedtransferofsomeindustriesfromdevelopedcountriestoChina,~2008period,theaverageannualaddedvaluegrowthwasabout20%forthepetrochemicalindustry,morethan20%forthelightindustry,%fortheequipmentindustry,and56%~2007period,%.Theautosalesgrewatanaverageannualrateof21%duringthe2000~erageannualrateofabout30%duringthe2001~%%duringthe2001~2008period,andt%duringthe2002~,,,35milliontonsofprocessedfibers,,,,,,137millionmicrocomputers,560millioncellphones,,nearlyhalfofcellphones,ICs,colorTVsets,displays,programmedswitchboards,thekeyindustries,butmostoftheseindustrieshavemaintainedahigh-growthmommentofChinaonoftenmajorindustries,thedrasticincreaseofgovernmentspending,thesubsidizedsalesofhomeappliancestoruralareas,thetrade-inofautomobilesandhomeappliancesfornewones,theadjustmentoftherealestatetransactiontax,theexemptionofpersonalincometaxfromtheinterestsofsavingsanddeposits,theadjustmentoftariffsforsomeexportproductsandexportrebates,em,thepromotionofemployment,,adjustingindustrialstructure,spurringdomesticdemand,promotingsocialstability,,andsolvedshort-termdifficultiesencounteredinindustrialdevelopment,thusensuringthestayingpowerforsustainedin,,mostofthekeyindustriesmaintainedafairlyhighgrowthbutsomeofthemwereseriously%,%forthechemicalindustry,%%,%,%%,theoutputvalueoftheenterprisesabovethestate-designatedscaletotaled10,,%,theoutputvalueofth%,orup47%,theoutputvalueofthe53,110textileenterprisesabovethestate-designatedscaletotaled3,,%,,%%,%009sincethebeginningofthenewcendastheworldeconomygraduallywarmedup,,,%ndentinnovationcapacity,industriallayoutandownershipstructure.(1)Boththeindependentinththroughthecourseof"import,digestion,absorptionandinnovation".Thankstotheirhighgrowth,thekeyindustrieshavegradu,anewtechnologicalinnovationmodelthatfeaturestheleadingrolesofenterprises,theguidanceofmarketsandthecooperationbetweenenterprises,universitiesandresearchinstitutionshasbeendeveloped,theinnovationoutputshavebeengrowingannually,technologicalbreakthroughshavebeenmadeinsomekeysectors,andtheoverallcapacityforindependentinnovationhasbecomesomewhatstronger.ByHanJun,CuiChuanyi,HeYupeng,QinZhongchunWangBinResearchReportNo105,idanceandservicetofarmer-workerstoworkinurbanareasandreasonablyguidefarmer-workworkinginurbanareasduringindustrializationupgradingbydevotingmajoreffortstodevelopingindustrialclusters,ructioninruralareas,facilitatetheshiftoflabor-intensiveindustriestocentralandwesternregions,promotestructuraladjustmentandindustrialupgradingamongtownshipenterprises,supportthegrowthofprocessingindustriesofagriculturalproducts,nurturenewsectorsofgrowthforruralserviceindustries,vigorouslydevelopleisureagriculture,ruraltourismandforesttourism,developruralrealestateandexpandspacefornon-agriculturalemploymeferentialmeasuresintermsofcredit,taxandlandtofarmer-workersforthemtostartbusinessesbackintheirhometownsandpromoteemploymentthroughbusinessstartuptobringalongtheshiftofrurallaborersandtoformasoundinteractionbetweenbo,simplifyexaminationandapprovalproceduresandprovide“one-stop-shop”servicestomakeitcometownsandusethefundsasloaninterestsubsidyforfarmer-workersdutilization,developtheconstructionofindustrialparksinlinewithlocalconditionedbythestateandlocalgovernmentstosupportthegrowthofsmallandmedium-sizedenterprises,non-publiceconomicserviceindustries,agriculturaldevelopment,processingindustriesofagriculturalproductsandhi-techenterprisesandcalloffbusinessadminister-workersStrengthengovernmentpublicemploymentinformationservices,advanceinformationlinkageamongpublicemploymentserviceinstitutionsinvariousprovinces,municipalitiesandregionsandbetweenpublicemploymentserviceinstitutionsininner-provincecities,countiesandtownships,strengthentheconstructionofinfrastructureforsocialsecurityandemploymentatgrassrootslevels,strengthentheconstructionofgovernmentpublicserviceinformationplatforms,enhancethegovernmentinformationreleasesystemonemploymentguidanceandguiderurallaborers,suchasemploymentguidance,skilltraining,servicesforbusinessstartup,protectionguidanceandeducationamongthechildren,nhancethecoordinationbetweengovernmentemploymentdepartmentsofplacestransmittingoracceptinglaborservicesandtoconductionwithallsectorsofthecommunitytojointlysetuppublicemploymentinformationserviceplatformsandprovidefarmer-workerswithemploymentserviceswiththeaidofmoderncommunication,eemploowardfarmer-workersPublicemploymentserviceagenciesatalllevelsshizetheexchangeandsharingofpublicemploymentserviceresources,towidenchannelsforfarmer-workerstofindjob,extendurbannetworkstowardtownshipsandadministrativevillagesandprovideemployingunitsandjob-matizationoflaborrecord,laborinspectionandmanagementoflabordisputemediationandarbitrationtoearnestlysafeguardfarmer-workersogiesChildrentoGotoSchoolandforFarmer-workerstoEnjoyMedicalCareandParticipateinSocialInsuranceandAcceleratetchildrentoreceivecompulsoryeducationAdheretotheprincipleofrelyingmainlyonpublicschoolsofplaceswheeivedbyfarmer-workerschildrenunderthepubliceducationsystemandrationallyplantheoverallarrangementsanddevelopmentoftheschoolsaccordingtothenumber,distributionandchangeoffarmer-workersdleandprimaryschoolstoprovidecompulsoryeducationtofarmer-workersnsinfullamounttopublicschoolstakinginfarmer-workerschildrenaccordineandadopteffectivemeasurestoimproveschoolconditionsinregionswherealargenumberoffarmer-workersareacceptedandeducationalresourcesareinsufficientandtheCentralTreasurywillrewardthoseprovfferedtoschoolsundercivilianauspicesthathavebeenentrustedbythegovernmentstoprovidecompulsoryeducationtochildrenofmigrants,financialsubsidieswillbeaddedtothepublicfundsofschoolsaccordingtothenumberofschoolstudentsandstudentsofschoolsundercivilianauspiceswillbeexemptedfrommiscellaneousfeesaccordingtothestandardratesforndschoolandresolutelycorrectsuchdiscriminatorypracticesascollectionofvarioussortsoffeesincludingtemporaryschoolingfeeandsponsorshipfromchildrenoffarmer-workers,soastoenabletheoverwhelmingmajorityoffarmer-workersmakeexplorationsaccordingtolocalconditionsintothecontinuouseducationtobeprovidedtofarmer-workersforhighschoolsandincollegeentranceexaminations,probeintomeasurestoseparatetheschoolrollfromthehouseholdregisterandletthechildrenoffarmer-workershavetherightstositforentranceexaminati,setupthetransferpaymentandsubsidysystemforprovidingcompulsoryeducationtochildrenofmigrantfarmer-workers,graduallyincreasesubsidiesprovidedbytheCentralTreasurytochildrenofmigrantsfortheireducation,stepuptheproportionoftheinvestmentfromtheCentralTreasuryincompulsoryeducationandconsolidatethesupporttoschoolsa,specifyresponsibilitiesofgovernmentsatalllevelsincompulsoryeducation,listthecompulsoryeducationfundsformigrantsincludingfarmer-workerschildrenasthebudgetaryeducationfundsofplaceswheremigrantsstay,appropriatepubliceducationfundsonanaveragebasistoschoolsaccordingtotheactualnumberofschoolstudentsandsetupthefundraisingandguaranteeingmechanismofcompulsoryeducationatroot.ByLongGuoqiang,ResearchDepartmentofForeignEconomicRelationsofDRCResearchReportNo6,2013(Total4255)Theworldeconomyhaswitnessedswiftreform,theworldeconomygrowthpatternexperiencesmajorchanges,asreflectedinresurrectionoftradeprotec,itsinternationaleconomicandtradeenvironmenthadundergonemajorchanges,whichshowsomenewsignsinrecentyears:thedevelopedcountriesimplementthe"reindustrialization"strategy;theUStransfersitsstrategicfocuseastwardandpromotesthehigh-standardTPP;,the18thNationalCongressoftheCPCpointedoutthatChinaisstillinaperiodofstrategicopportunities,andsomemajodevelopitselfinisolationfromtherestoftheworld,therefore,judgmentoftheinternationalenvironmenthasadirectbearingonacountry,MaoZedongheldthatitwouldbenandinaccordancewiththeprincipleof"withmountainasthebacksupport,spreadingaround,andgoodcover-up",alotofin"ThirdFrontConstruction",thesecondgenerationofleadershipoftheCPCwithDengXiaopingatthecore,basedonanall-roundanalysisofthetheninternationalenvironment,heldthatpeaceanddevelopmentwerethemainstreamoftheworld,,theunderstandingoftheinternationalenvironment,differentasitmightbeinconcretesituations,wouldexertahugeimpactuponacountry,EastAsiahasseenlarge-scalerelocationofthelabor-intensiveandexport-orientedindustries,whichbrought"fourAsiantigers"successfullypursuedthedevelopments,theseeconomiesrelocatedtheirlabor-intensiveexportindustriesodeveloptheexport-orientedprocessingindustryan,Chinahasbecomeoneofthemostsuccessfulecon,withlowpercapitapossessionofresources,however,forquitealongperiodoftimeafterthefoundingnewChina,itoverlyreliedonexportofprimaryproductsforforeignexchangeearning,,Chinahasrisentobethelargestexporterintheworld,registeringgreatchangesintheexportmix–theexportoffinishedproductsreachingupto95%ofthetotal,electromechanicalproductsover60%andhi-techproductsmorethan30%.Inaddition,ChinahasovertakenUStobethelargestmanufacturerintheworld,knownasthe"WorldsFactory".AllthetremendouschangesareattributabletothefactthatChinahasgraspedtheoplyinjectsvitalitytotheworldmarket,butalsoprovidesimportantforeignmarketsconducivetothedevelopmentofChinasexport-orientedindustriesandthusdrivesrapidgrowthofChina,thedividendsresultingfromthereformintheUSandWesterncountriesamidstagflation,thepeacedividendscomingalongwiththeendoftheColdWar,thetechnologydividendsinducedbytheITandInternetrevolutionandtheinstitutionaldividendsofeconomicglobalizationbroughtaboutbythefoundingtheWTO,plusmanyotherfactors,haveledtoprosperityofUSamongothersexport-orientedindustriesandpresentedsignificantopportunitiesftionalfinancialcrisisfusedbytheUSsubprimecrisisin2007totallychangedChinaficit;Europeisboggeddowninsovereigntydebtcrisis;Japanseconomysuffersfrominsufficientdomesticdemandanddecliningcompetitivenesscausedbypopulationageing,largedeficits,,therapidlyrisinglaborcostinChinaiserod,Chinaisinfaceofchallengesofinsufficientdemandoftheinternationalmarket,butstill,,Chinafacessignificantopport,theResearchDepartmentofForeignEconomicRelationstheDevelopmentResearchCenteroftheStateCouncilscomparativeadvantagesareundergoingprofoundchanges–itsnewlyacquiredadvantagesintermsofthelocalmarket,infrastructure,supportingindustries,andhumanresourcesratherthanlowlaborcosthavecometoattractmultinationals,inthenextdecadeChinawillbetheonlycountryworldwidethatb,themultinati,,tofurtheropenupthemarketandusehumanresourcesinChinahasbecomeamoreimportant,Chinamaintainsprosperity,exertingunpreceden,31%ofbusinessreStobethefirsttheinternationalfinancialcrisis,Chinaattractedincreasingforeigndirectinvestmenttosuchanextentthatinthefirsthalfof2012Chinaovertoo,majorchangeshavetakenplacetotheforeigninvestmentstructure,asisshowninthephenomenathatmoreforeigndirectinvestmentgoestothemanufacturingindustrywithfairlyadvancedtechnologyaswellasmodernserviceindustryofhigheraddedvalue,andsomemultinationalshavemade:nearly50,000overseasChinesestudentsreturnedin2008,representingaonefoldincreasethanin2004,ormorethan1/6ofallthereturnedoverowardChinaisundoubtedlyconducivetotheupgradingChinasindustrialstructureandtheenhancementofthei,Chinahastheopportunitytoint,quitemanyWesternenterprisesfellintothequagmireofcapitalshortage,whichaffordedalotmoreopportunitiesf,Geelyhasrealizedthetransformationfromanuglyducklingtoawhiteswan;afteracquiringPutzmeister,Sanyhasgrowntobetheworld,throughmergerandacquisitionabroad,cantaketheinitiativetointegrateoverseasresourcesandmarkets,andobtainresources,technologies,researchanddevelopmentcompetence,internationalbrandsandworldmarketchannelsatalowcost,greatlyenhancingChinascapabilityofinnovationandinternationalcompetitiveness....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,:AResearchReportonHigh-LevelProfessionalsFlowTrendinRelevantCountriesandRegionsAgainsttheBackdropofInternationalFinancialCrisis.意大利申博真人重合同守信誉企业市级明星企业,ByLiuShijin,DevelopmentResearchCenteroftheStateCouncil(DRC)ResearchReportNo237,2011HowlongcanChinamaintainitsgrowthmomentumafterexperiencinga30-year-longfastgrowthToanswerthisquestion,thefirstthi,,:whetherChinawillfallintotheso-called"middleincometrap".WhenChina"spercapitaGDPexceeds4,000dollarsatmarketexchangerateandwhenthecountryfacesdiversecontradictionsandchallenges,therearegrowingconcernsanddiscussionsonwhetherChinawillfallintothe"middle-levelincometrap".ItisagainstthisbackgroundthattheDevelopmentResearchCenteroftheStateCouncil(DRC)haslaunchedaresearchprojectentitled"SurmountingtheMiddle-LevelIncomeTrap".Whilereviewingthemajorviewsintheresearchfindings,,China",dicatorsrelatedtodozensofcountriesand,,whichrequiredpatience,seriousnessandprofessionalismandforwhichs,,shouldthedollaratcurrentpriceorthepurchasingpowerparitybeselectedEv,weselectedthelong-termeconomicgrowthdataofvariouscountriesdevelopedbyrenownedeconomichistorianAngusMad,thisdatasetcoversawidescopeand,thisdatasethasalsoprovent"SqueezedGrowth"Inthecourseofdataanalysis,wecarriedouvesuccessivelyenteredtheprocessofindustrialization.(1)Britain,theUnitedStatesandothercountriesthatdevelopedfirstandhavebeenontheforefrontoftechnology.(2)Thelate-comingEuropeancountriesthathavesuccessfullycaughtupwithtechnologically-frontiercountries.(3)TheemergingindustrializedcountriesandregionsinEastAsiathathavetappedlatecomeradvantages,realizedlong-termrapiddevelopmentandscoredsomeprogressininnovationdriving.(4)TheLatinAmericancountriesandsimilarSoutheastAsiancountriesthathadlongpursuedanimportsubstitutionstrategy,createdgrowthmiraclesbutlaterfallenintothe"middle-levelincometrap".(5)TheformerSovietUnionandEastEuropeancountriesthathadlongstucktoplannedeconomy,realizedrapidgrowthandalsooncefallenintothe"middle-levelincometrap".Thehistoryoftheabovecategoriesofcountriesandregionsinindustrialgrowthindicatesthatsomearepioneersandsomearelatecomersindifferentperiodsandthatsomelatecomersaresuccessful,"typicalfacts"insteadof"regularfacts"isthatwehaveobservedtherepeatabilityofthesefactsbutwearenotclearabouttheinhe"typicalfacts",wehavenoticedthefactofthe"squeezedgrowth",thelate-comingcountriesaccomplishedroughlythesame"workload",,inaccomplishingthesameeconomicgrowthtask,BritainandtheUnitedStatesusedabout100years,Japanused70years,SouthKoreaandotherEastAsianeconomiesused50years,andChina(orChina"sdevelopedareas)"squeezedgrowth""pressure""squeezedgrowth"arefullyreleased,,suchas"economictakeoff".Butnowweshouldfocusourattentionongrowthslowdownafterthefastgrowthcomestoaterminal,namelytheissueof"economicslowdown",andthecompletedescriptionandinterpretationoftheprocessofthe"squeezed",wehavenoticed"middle-levelincometrap".opeancountries,whichmostlywitnesseddrasticgrowthslowdowninthe1970s,canberegardedasanothertypeofcountriesfallingintothe"middle-levelincometrap".henplannedecon,growt"successfullychasing",Japan,,growthslowdownisasignofaneconomythathassuccessfullygonethroughtheper,,theyallappearedafteraperiodoffastgrowth(oragoldenperiodofgrowth).,thegrowthslowdownofthosefallingintothe"middle-levelincometrap"appearedinLatinAmericancountrieswhentheirpercapitaincomereached4,000~6,000internationaldollarsandintheformerSovietUnionandEastEuropeancountrieswhentheirpercapitaincomereached5,000~7,"successfulchasers",thegrowthslowdownappearedwhentheirpercapitaincomereachedabout11,"lossofspeed"whentheystillhadpotentialsforfastgrowth,thelatterexperienceditaftertheirpotentialsforf,theeconomiesfallingintothe"middle-levelincometrap",bothLatinAmericancountriesandtheformerSovietUnionandEastEuropeancountries,allhadsomemajordefectsintheirsystems,strategiesandpoliciesforindustrialization,suchastheclosedimportsubstitutionstrategyadoptedbyLatinAmericancountriesandthesystemofplanzation,theireco"successfulchasers"weresuccessful,,wedevelopeda"six-factor"modelandattemptedtogiveapreliminarydescriptionandinterpretationoftheseproblems.ByXuXiaoqingZhangYunhua,ResearchDepartmentofRuralEconomyofDRCResearchReportNo133,2011Thepilotprojectonregionalmanagementoffarmproductquali,meetthequalitativerequirementofexportfarmprodu,theprovincehasmadetangibleachievementsinintroducingthere,theprovincehasmovedfromemphasizingthequalityandsafetyofexportfarmprodu,theregulatorysystemonfarmproductqualityandsafetyhasbecomesousRegionalManagementofQualityandSafetyofExportFarmProductsIn2006asJapancomprehensivelyintroducedtheaffirmationtableofagriculturalchemicalresiduesinfoodproductsandastheEuropeanUnionintroducedanewactonfoodsafetyandhygiene,thefoodandfarmproductsexportedbyChinawerefound,throughtesting,,China,about70%wererelatedtothepollutionarisingfromtheresiduesofpesticides,,theinspectionandquarantinebureauofShandongProvincebegantointroduceinthecityofAnqitiveandtestresources,tightenedtheoverallmanagementofpesticidesandanimaldrugswithintheregion,standardizedtheplanting,breeding,production,processing,supervisionandmanagementoffarmproducts,,theprovinceofShandongpopularizedthisregionalmanagementmodelto,theprovincialgovernmentpromulgatedtheGuidelinesonAcceleratingtheBuildingofringtotheworkingmechanismfeaturinggovernmentleadership,departmentalinteraction,corporaterolesandmarketoperation,thedemonstrationareasadopteda"five-in-one""five-in-one"modelhighlightedthemainrolesofenterprises,thedependenceonbases,thefocusonstandards,,theagriculturalchemicalinputcontrolsystem,thequalityandsafetytraceabilitysystem,themonitoring,evaluationandwarningsystem,thecorporatequalityandsafetycreditsystem,ources,noillegalinputs,nomanagementblindspots,,,itintegratedforeignanddomesticmarketssothatmoreinternationallyqualifiedfarmp,regionalmanagementshiftedfromemp,theprovincesetanoverallrequirementforregionalmanagement:enforceinternationalstandards,integrateforeignanddomesticmarkets,buildShandongbrands,hainsupermarketssoastofullytaptheirrespectiveadvantages,widenmarketingchannelsfordemonstrationareas,andguidesupermarketstoestablishdirectprocurementbasesinoductQualityandSafetyThankstoyearsofefforts,theprovincehasintroducedtheregionalmanagementmodelonfar,24oftheseadministrativedivisionshavebeencertifiedasthe"demonstrationareasforthesafetyofexportfoodandfarmproducts".In2009,theStateQualityandQuarantineAdministrationbegantointroduceShandong,theexperiencehasbeenpopularizedin261county-leveladministrativedivisionsinChinas27provinces,mendedbytheStateQualityandQuarantineAdministration,,,1,,coveringvegetables,meatproducts,aquaticproducts,fruits,sdemonstrationareas,theoverallqualityandsafetyoffarmproductshasimproved,w%,thenotificationsbyforeigncountriesoverthesafet,theresiduesofpesticidesandanimaldrugsin2010were66%,Shandong,up30%stotalfarmpro,thequalityoffarmproductssuppliedtodomesticmarketshasvisiblyimproved,,theprovincehasestablishedmorethan50enterprisestopairdemonstrationareaswithsupermarkets,morethan4,000directfarmproductprocurementbases,,,thefarmproductsproducedinWeihaienteredtheprocurementnetworksoftheJapaneseAeon,theSouthKoreanLotteandothermultinationalcompanies,,gingersawitsproducerpricerising100%anditsexportpricerising43%,,appleexportrevenuerose2,,,"RedFuji"apple,wascertifiedasgreenfood,~,theprs.ByHouYongzhi,GaoShijiandLiuPeilin,ResearchTeamon"AScientificDevelopmentEvaluationSystem",DepartmentofDevelopmentStrategyandRegionalEconomyofDRCResearchReportNo62,2012Establishingthescientificdevelopmentevaluationsystemanddesigningaseriesofmeasurableobjectiveandsubjectiveindicatorsreflectingtheessentialrequirementofthescientificoutlookondevelopmentisanimportantwaytopromotesubstantialchangeofthedevelopmentpatternandpropelscientificdevelopment,andalsoaneffortonfundamenta,onlyacceptedbysociety,,contradictionsofimba"people-centered,balancedandsustainable"development,wemust,basedontheoreticalanalysis,learnfromavailabledevelopmentevaluationmethodsbothathomeandabroad,toacceleratetheestablishmentoftheunitorsystemevaluatingscientificdevelopment,wemusthavemoreprofoundunderstandingabouttheconnotationofthescientificoutlookondevelopment,andtranslatethecore,essentialelements,,weregardscientificdevelopmentas"people-centered,efficient,fairandsustainable".developmentshndevelopmentfromaholisticperspectiveandbyconnectingtheprinciplethat"developmentisthetoppriority"andthefeatureof"beingpeople-centered,balancedinanall-aroundandsustainableway".Without"beingpeople-centered"asthecore,wecanhardlydistinguish"developmentisthetoppriority"fromdevelopmentalism,highlighttheuniquesocialistdevelopmentpatternwithChinesecharacteristics,nomicdevelopmentandthatdevelopmentisofparamountimportanceintoday’eultimatepurposeofdevelopment,whichistocreateconditionsfortheultimaterealizationofthe"absoluteliberalizationofpeople"and"all-aroundfreedevelopmentofpeople","putting-peoplefirst",inthecurrentstage,workingisatoolforpeopletoearnaliving,ratherthantheprimarydemandoflife;therefore,wecanhardlyrealizethe"absoluteliberalizationofpeople",thescientificoutlookondevelopmentisanapproa,theeconomicgrowthrateshouldmaintainahighlevelinthelongrunsoastocontinuces,fasteconomicdevelopmentshouldbebasedontheoptimizedstructure,llymotivateallsocialmembers’enthusiasm,initiative,creativityanddynamisminstartingupbusinesswithinnovation,byestablishingsystemsandmechanismsbasedonequalopportunities,rightsandrules,sothatthemassescanfullyparticipateintheprocessofindustrialization,urbanizationandm,minimumsecurityshouldbeprovidedtothoselosingthecapabilityofworkandthosetemporarilyinneedofassistanceduetobusinessorologicalprogressSustainabledevelopmentconcernstheequalitybetweengenerations,andthekeyforsustainabledevelopmentistobalancethelivin,torealizesustainabledevelopmentandleaveenoughresourcesandspaceforlivingforfuturegenerationsdoesn’mToestablishtheindicatorsystemevaluatingthescientificdevelopment,weshould,firstofall,understandproblemsinChina’sdevelopment,weaknessesandstrengthsofavailabletheoreticalexplorationandpracticalexperienceinestablishingthedevelopmentevaluationsystem,andthenformulatescientificandrationalprinciplestodesignthes,Ch,thisprogressisfarfrommeetingtherequirementofscientificdevelopment,asinsufficientimportanceisattachedtopeopleandthedevelopmentshouldbemoreefficient,,manyregionsanddeparspectsofdevelopment,someonlocaldevelopmentorspecificdepartments,andctedbyothercountriessuchasBhutan,theUKandAustraliaandrelevantinternationalinstitutionsincludingtheUnitedNations(UN),theOrganizationofEconomicCooperationandDevelopment(OECD),emofscientificdevelopment,butcannotbedirectlyusedtoevaluateChina’:first,thereisnocleartheoreticalconnectionbetweenindicatorsselectedindomesticresearchandexplorationandthescientificoutlookondevelopment;second,thereisstillagapbetweenindicatorsselectedininternationalresearchandexplorationandChina’kondevelopmentandbysummarizingexperiencesintheoreticalandpracticaleffortsbothathomeandabroad,thispaperherebyproposessomebasicideasandprinciplestodesigntheevaluationindicatorsystem.ByZhangChenghui,Director-GeneraloftheResearchInstituteforFinance,DevelopmentResearchCenteroftheStateCouncil(DRC)ResearchReportNo106,2013(Total4355)ftheFinancialIndustryIfcategorizingisdoneintermsoftheintensityoffactorinputsandtheindustriesareclassifiedaslabor-intensive,capital-intensive,technology-intensiveandknowledge-intensive,thenthefinancialindustryisdeemedasa"contract-intensiveindustry".Asaspecialservicesector,thefinancialindustryrelatestocontractualarrangementsbeingfarmoreintensiveandcomplicatedthanotherindustriesinproductionandtradingoffinancialproducts,whicharemorevulnerableto"informationasymmetry"and"ethicalrisks".Hence,ifsoundenvironmentsforensuringthecontractimplementationarefewandfarbetween,riskswillincreasesubstantially,thusaffectinginvestorsinformationandtheirtradingaspirations,,,bankruptcylawsofIndonesia,SouthKorea,ThailandandRussiawerenotallcarriedoutstrictly,leavingcreditorsinterestsunprotected,andmalfunctioningenterprisesorfinancialptionoftheongoinginternationalfinancialcrisis:ononehand,withtheexplosivedevelopmentofthefinancialderivatives,loopholesappearagainstconsumerprotection;ontheotherhand,theissueof"toobigtofail(TBTF)"isquitetangibleindevelopedcountries,cialinfrastructureofacountryshouldincludelegalenvironment,dlegalenvironmentcanrelationsamongvariousstakeholder,namely,perfectlegalsystem,effectiveexecutivesystemandreason,thelegalsystemshouldbewellestablis,thelegalsystemshouldalsokeeppacewiththetimesandbeadjustedint,afair,justandefficientfinancialdisputehearingandarbitrationmechanismshouldbesetupunancialdisput,theviewpointofestablishingani,pilotcourtshavebeensetupinShanghai,Henan,,theInternationalFinancialArbitrationCourtbegantooperateinHague,specializinginofferingarbitrationservicesfordisputesarisin,financialsupervis,hiddenillegalconductsanddifficultyinobtainingevidencethroughinvestigationfeaturefinancialtransactions,plusfinancialinvestorsbeingrelativelyscattered,thenumberofsmallandmediuminvestorsbeinghugeandtheclassactionmechanismbeingimperfectandincompleteinChina,therefore,itisnecessarytoprovidefinancialsupervisionandregulationdepartmentswithnecessaryrightstoenforcethelaws,suchasthequeryrights,,theserightsmustbemoderateandreasonable,sinformationasymmetryandconstructthelong-actingconstraintandincentivemechanismforborrowersForeignexperienceshowsthatinformationdisclosureislessdemandedwhenstockholdersconcentraterelativelyand,conversely,:Asmallnumberofbigshareholdersarefarmorecapableofacquiringand,accurateandtimelyinformationdisclosureisneededtohelpt,indirect-financing-orientedeconomieshavelesserpressureofdisclosinginformationtothepublic,while,Chinaismakingeffortstoboostthetransformationfromtheinvestment-drivenandscale-centeredextensiveeconomicgrowthpatterntotheinnovation-dr,callsforthemajoreffortstodevelopingserviceindustriesandsmallandmedium-sizedenterprises,,;(includingpubliccompanies,yettheimplementationstandardisdifferentfromthatoflistedcompanies),,listedandunlistedpubliccompaniestaketheinitiativeindisclosingnecessaryfinancialandbusinessope,thepassivedisclosuresystemiscarriedout,namely,informationiscollectedandcompiledunderthecreditreferencesystem,andinformationoninquirysubjectsare,theobjectiveandspecializedthird-partycommentsarevitalimportancetothesystem.20108月通过ISO9001:2000国际质量管理。

    我公司以ByLuWei,DepartmentofTechno-EconomicResearchofDRCResearchReportNo208,2012(Total4210)Currently,,growingresourcesandenvironmentpressure,decliningdemographicdividend,theeconomicgrowthslowsdownandthegrowthmodeinvolvinghighinvestment,,moresocialvaluesshouldbecreatedbyfewerresourceinputs,dustriesThetransformationofdevelopmentmoderequiresthemanufacturingindustri,Chinaisseeingweakeningadvantagesinlow-costmanufacturingduetoincreasingfactorprice,,thecoretotransformthedevelopmentmodeofthemanufacturingindustriesistoshiftfromresourceconsumptiontointensiveutilizationoffactors,fromdependenceoninvestmentandscaleexpansiontofactorupgradingandvaluechainimprovement,,effortsshouldtargetonimprovingthegrowthqualityandefficiencyofthemanufacturingindustriesandestablishingthefactorproductivityindicatorsystemtoreplacetheevaluationsystemblindlypursuingeconomicscaleandGDPgrowthrate,toguidethetransformationofdeveldreflectstheco,theGDP,amajorindicatormeasuringthenationaleconomicgrowth,of,theindustrialvaluofaddedvalue,,industrialvalueaddedincludestax,salaryandbenefits,interestandprofits,etc.,contributiontothecountry,salaryandbenefitsarethecompensationforemployees,interestistherew,fund,energyandcompositefactorproductivityindicatorsystem(1)Laborproductivityindicator—,thehigherthelaborproductivityoftheindustry.(2)Fundefficiencyindicator—tefficiency.(3)Energyutilizationefficiencyindicator—,thehighertheenergyefficiencyoftheindustryandthebettertheenergysavingandemissionreductionperformanceoftheindustry.(4)Compositefactorproductivityindicator—,thehighertheproportionofrawmaterialcostintheoutputperunit,,ahighoutputaddedvalueratemeanslowresourceconsumptionandhighvalueaddedandcompositefactorproductivityoftheindustry.(5)Factorsubstitutionindicator—,plicity,conveniences,feasibilityanddataavailability,thefactorringindustriesaccordingtostatisticsbetween1999and2009,andconductsdynamicanalysisandinter-industrycomparison.(1),the,asperthestandardsofOECDandWorldBankandconsideringtheRDexpenseandintensityofRDstaff,thearticledividesmanufacturingindustriesintofourcategoriesincludinghigh-techmanufacturingindustries,middle-high-techmanufacturingindustries,middle-low-techmanufacturingindustriesandlow-techmanufacturingindustries,soastofindoutthechangeoffactorproductivityinindustrieswithdifferenttechnicalfeatures.(2)tio,thecomparisonofthefactorproductivitybetweenindustriesshallbemadeandtheindustrialcompetitivenessshallbeanalyzedfromtheperspectiveoffactorproductivity,soastoprovideabasisforindu、意大利申博真人用户至上澳门网上电竞平台LiuYunzhong,spatialregulation,theregionalplansgenerallyrefertotheoverallarrangementofthesocialandeconomicdevelopmentandcomprehensivelandregulationinaspeci,theyarestrategies,programsandpolicyoptionsformulatedandimp,someregionalplanshavebeenmadeintonationalstrategies,,,,theyarenationalstrategiesapproved,circulatedoradoptedthroughdiscussionsinrecentyearsbytheStateCouncil;second,theyhavetypicalorientationofregionaleconomy,targetingatspecifictypesofregions,ratherthananmasterplanforthewholecountry;andthird,theregionaldevelopmentplanningisdifferentfromthefive-yearplanfornationalsocialandeconomicdevelopment,,thenationalstrategicregionalplansdiscussedinthisarticledonotcoverthemasterplanforurbandevelopment,provincialurbanplanning,re,therewere78regionalplansandrelevantpolicydocumentsmadeintonationalstrategiesfromJune21,2005whenShanghaiPudongNewAreacomprehensivereformpilotprogramwasapprovedbytheStateCounciluptoSeptember6,2012whenNanshaNewAreawasapproved,excludingstrategiesorguidelinesforgreatregionsincludingnortheastChina,centralandwesternregionssuchasXinjiang,Tibet,GuangxiandQinghaiandsomeoverlappingplanning/,centyears,somenewproble,first,withintensifiedregionalfactormobilityandregionalintegration,thesimpleplanningforadministrativeareascannolongermeettheregionaldevelopmentdemands,andemergingcross-regionalproblems(suchasriverbasinmanagement,eco-environmentalprotectionandetc.)urge,despitetheregionaldevelopmentmasterplansforeast,central,westandnortheastpartsofthecountry,theirwidecoverageleadstopoorfeasibility,orientationandeffectiveness,,astheglobalfinancialcrisistriggeredbyUSsubprimemortgagecrisiskeepsworsening,theglobaleconomymayenteralongperiodofdownturn,theexportandinvestment-drivendevelopmentcanhardlysustain,particularlythecoastalregionsinsoutheastareaofthecountry,andnewmeasuresandpolicesareurgentlynee,thenewroundofeconomicdevelopmentincoastalareassince1990shasfurtherwidenedtheregionalgap,andeffectivemeasuresshouldbetakentopromotetheeconomicdevelopmentincentralandwestregionsandotherunderdevelopedareas,,anumberofnationalstrategicregionalplanswereformulatedinrecentyears,focusingonacceleratingthedevelopmentofkeyareas,implementingmajordevelopmentandreformstrategies,ning,theyear2005and2006markedthebeginning,asonlytwocomprehensivereformpilotareasincludingShanghaiPudongNewAreaandTianjinBinhai,when43keyregionalplanswereapprovedfrom2007to2011,especiallyin2009,2010and2011when12,9and16nationalstrategicregionalplanswereformulatedrespectively,accountingfor70%,regionalplans,insteadofbeingformulatedinanintensiveway,havebeguntotargetonoldrevolutionarybaseareas,areasinhabitedbyethnicminorities,borderareasandpoverty-strickenareas,suchasrockydesertificationareasinYunnan,GuangxiandGuizhou,Wulingegorizedaccordingtotheircoverage,(east,central,westandnortheast),inter-province,,therearetwoplansfortherevitalizationofnortheastChinaandriseofthecentralregionrespectively,11inter-provincialplans,,theinter-provincialplansmostlycoverdifferentprovinces,includingtheYangtzeRiverDelta,PearlRiverDelta,Guanzhong-Tianshuiarea,forestzonesinGreaterKhinganMountainsandLesserKhinganMountains,Haixiarea,Qinghai-Tibet,Chengdu-Chongqing,Wulingshanarea,revolutionarybaseareasinShaanxi,GansuandNingxia,rockydesertificationareasinYunnan,,,sevenarefortheeast,threeforthenortheastandsixforthewestandcentralrespectively;andamongkeycityplans,14fortheeast,,intra-provincialplansandkeycityplanstakethelionsshareandaremainlyfortheeast,nginesofkeycities,andthoseforthewestregionstr,thenationalstrategicregionalplansfallintofourcategories,namelythenationalnewarea,regional(development)plans,(national)instructionsandcomprehensivereformarea(includingcomprehensivesupportingreformpilotareaandcomprehensivereformpilotarea).The35regionaldevelopmentplansaccountforabout2/3,includingspecialenvironmentalprotectionplans(regionalecologicaldevelopmentandenvironmentprotectionplanonQinghai-TibetPlateau),povertyalleviationplan,borderareadevelopmentandopeningupplan(pilotarea),developmentdemonstrationzone/ormulatedbytheStateCouncil,includingZhongyuanEconomicZone,Kashgar-KhorgosEconomicDevelopment,including10nationalcomprehensivesupportingreformpilotareas(ShanghaiPudong,TianjinBinhai,Chongqing,Chengdu,Wuhancityrim,Changsha-Zhuzhou-Xiangtancitycluster,Shenzhen,ShenyangEconomicZone,ShanxiProvinceandXiamen)andthreenationalcomprehensivereformpilotareas(Yunnan,YiwuofZhejiangProvinceandWenzhouofZhejiangProvince).Thenationalnewareasarerepresentativenationalstrate,includingShanghaiPudongNewArea,TianjinBinhaiNewArea,ChongqingLiangjiangNewArea,ZhejiangZhoushanIslandsNewArea,,althoughplanningdocumentsfordifferentregionshavedifferentnature,theyonlydifferinpolicyfocusandthepreferentialdegree,andarethesameintermsofthecoretargetandtheirpromotionalroleinregionaldevelopment.ByLiuYong,DepartmentofDevelopmentStrategyandRegionalEconomyofDRCResearchReportNo14,2013(Total4263)In2011,regionaleconomicgrowthdeclinedatlargeinChina,andinmostregionstheecono,economiesofvariousprovinces,%(aweightedaverageasperGRP),();GRPofvariousprovinces,();thepercapitaGRPofvariousprovinces,regionsandmunicipalitiescametoatotalof38,777yuan(being3,680yuanhigherthanthenationalstatistics).FollowingistheanalysisofChinasregionaleconomicdevelopmentpattern,,anoverviewofregionaleconomicdevelopmentinChinaindicatedthateconomicgrowthinChinascentralandwesternregionswasfasterthanthatintheeasternregion,thefocusofregionaleconomicgrowthandaggregatemovedwestwardcontinuously,therelativeregionalgapcontinuedtoshrinka,becosregionaleconomicgrowthwascharacterizedbythefactthateconomicgrowthwasfasterincentralandwesternregions,butslowerintheeasternregionsofChinawhilethefarwesternregion,themiddleandupperreachesoftheYangtzeRiverandTianjinwitnessedthefastestgrowthByregion,economicgrowthofChinascentralandwesternregionssurpassedthatofeastChinain5yearsrunningby2011andthesurpassinggrowthcontinuedtoenlarge,;thefarwesternregionsawafastergrowththanthegrandcentralregion,formingagainasequencingoffarwesternregion,grandcentralregionandneweasternregion,andthegroactonChinaseasternregion,andthatthecentralgovernmentsintensifyingin"7+1"integratedeconomicareasthatregionswhereeconomicgrowthisfasterthantheaverageofallprovincesandregionsareinturnthemiddleandupperreachesoftheYangtzeRiver,thefarwesternregion,themiddleandupperreachesofthePearlRiver,thenortheasternregionandthemiddleandupperreachesoftheYellowRiverand,regionswhereeconomicgrowthisslowerthantheaverageofallprovincesandregionsareinturnthecoastalareasofeastChina,forChinaandproducedahugeimpactonChina,amongothers,havebeenworsthitbythecrisis(coastalareasofsoutheastChinawereworsthitin2008).(SeeTable1).Table1 PatternandChangeoftheMacroeconomicandIntegratedEconomicAreasduring2002~2011ByGeYanfeng,YuDongandZhangBingzi,ResearchDepartmentofSocialDevelopmentofDRCResearchReportNo87,2012Developmentofsocialpoliciesandrelatedinstitutionalimprovementsnotonlymakeitimportanttoclarifythetrendofreformanddevelopmentinvariousfieldsandspecificpolicies,butalsorequireadvancementofinstitutionalreforminrelatedfieldsandimprovementoftheoperationalmechanism,especiallyintermsoftechnologyselectionandmanagementinkeyfields,soastochallengesexperiencedinmakingandimplementingsocialpoliciesinChina,wewouldliketodrawattentiontothefollowingaspects:nTermsofResponsibilityforSocialSecurityandPublicServiceSocialsecurityandpublicservicefallintothegovernments,thenon-smoothresponsibilityrelationshipsamonggovernmentsatdifferentlevelshaveseverelyhinderedsocialdevelopment,mentsatdifferentlevelsconcerningdecision-makingrelatedtosocialsecurityandpublicservice,aswellasfollow-upinvestment,sresponsibilityfordecision-makingandoverallplanningInthefieldofsocialsecurityandpublicservice,wemustadheretoequalityandpolicyconsistency,thusitisessentialtofurtherstrengthenthecentralgovernment,thelocalgovernmentscouldbegivenrelevantrightinmakingspecificpoliciestosomeextent,butthegeneraldirectiofthecharacteristicsofdifferenttypesofsocialsecurityandpublicservice,itmustbemadeclearwhatistheresponsibilityofthegovernmentsatahigherlevel,whatresponsibilityrestswiththelocalgovernments,especiallyatthegrass-rootslevel,,especiallythoseatthelevelofcountiesandthecounty-levelcities,areresimplementationInviewoftheimbalanceineconomicdevelopmentfromregiontoregionandthefactthatlocalgovernmentsarecountedoninthedeliveryofserviceandadministration,itisimperativetofurtherreformandimprovethecost-sharingmechanism,strengthenthecentralandprovincialgovernmentsgeneraltransferpaymenttolocalgovernments,soastoequalizethegovernments,theexpendresponsibilityforsupervisinglocalsocialdevelopmentTheobjectivesandevaluationstandardsinthisregardshouldbestipulatedbythecentralgovernmentwhiletheconcretesupervisionandeval,itisessentialt,IdentifyProductAttributesandCost-sharingMechanism,andEnsureBenefitofthePublic,atareasonablelevelofserviceisprovided,inabidtopromotestandardizationofbasicpublicserviceThelevelandstandardofsocialsecurityandpublicservicemustbeinaccordancewithdevelopmentrequirement,ertoohighnortoolow,itistheprior,areasonablelevelofflexibilitywhichcanneverbetoogreatisallowedinthisregard;withinthesameregion,th,soastoenhanceperformanceofpublicinvestmentWeshouldnotonlysteadilyincreaseinvestment,butmoreimportantlyweneedtoenhancetheperformanceofthepublicinvestmentthroughinstitutionalizationeffortsandensurtinginvestmentforroutineoperation,andest,weneedtoreinforcesupervisionuponuseofpublicfunds,standardizecapitalflow,promoteopenandtran,weneedtofullylzedITdevelopmentandapplicationinvariousfieldsandbetweendifferentregions,,weneedtopromoteapplicationanddevelopmentofITtechnology,tobettermanagesocialsecurity,mWeshouldfullydrawoninternationalexperienceinthisrespect,offerserviceforfree,withbelow-costpricingoraccordingtocostdep,itisappropriatetoprovideitforfree,orforasmallfee(forthepurposeofavoidingwaste).Regardingtheserviceandthecostofwhichneedstobesharedbyindividualsandfamilies,theindividualsabilitytopaymustbetakenintofullconsideration,andcorrespondingreduction,exemptionorsubsidypoliciesshouldbedeveloped,toavoidreversetransferpaymentandensurethebenefitofthemiddleandlow-incomesocialgroups.、DVORByGongSen,ZhangWenkuiChenChangshengResearchReportNo122,2010Ensuringandimprovingpeopleswell-beinginvolvesemploymentpromotion,incomedistribution,education,healthcare,housingguarantee,socialassistanceandsocialinsurance,andtheliableentitiesincludeindividuals,families,employingunits,ermsofeducation,healthcare,housing,,thefirstthreearebasicpublicservi~2015,irst30yearssincereformandopeningup,sassumethattheannualaverageexportgrowthrateis12%orsobetween2010~2015,~%during2010~2015period,thenaccordingtothepreliminarycalculationmadeatconstantpricesof2008,thedeclineoftheexpo~,,,basedonthedifferencesinaddedvalueratesofbothdomesticandforeigndemand,securityandthehouseholdconsumptionratearebothonthelowside,sdomesticdemand,investmenthasgrownhighly,,theimprovem,tofurthertapthelatentpotentialitiesforthegrowthofthxpenditureinclusiveofsocialinsurancefund,theproportionofexpenditureonbasicsocialsecurity(includingeducation,healthcareandhousing)intotalexpenditurespentbythegovernmentsofcountrieswiththeirper-capitaGDPreaching3000~%onanaverage(,,DC.),whilesuchaproportioninChinaregistered38%orsoin2008(figuredoutaccordingtoChinaFinancialYearbook,2009,ChinaSocialInsuranceYearbook,2009andstatisticalbulletinsondevelopmentofsocialundertakings).Comparingthetwopercentages,GDP,,healthcare,housingsecurity,socialassistanceandold-agelife,%(WangShanmai,"GivingPrioritytoDevelopingSocialSecurityRequiresUrgentInput",,January13,2009),2%(WHO,),1%(LiuZhifeng,"DevelopingLow-rentHousingIsaMoveforImprovingtheUrbanHousingSecuritySystem",,May25,2008),%(Weigand,,DC:WorldBank.)%[Asher,:,Robert,etal.(eds.)ClosingtheCoverageGap::WorldBank.]respectively,%,whileproportionsoffivetypesoffinancialexpenditurespentbyChinain2008(figuredoutaccordingtoChinaFinancialYearbook,2009,ChinaSocialInsuranceYearbook,2009andstatisticalbulletinsondevelopmentofsocialundertakings)%,%,%,%and0%respectively,%.ComparingthepercentagesbetweenChinaandtheaforesaidcountries,,,,,rsandthehouseholdconsumptionrate,thehouseholdconsumptionrateoftheEastAsiancountrieswiththeirper-capitaGDPreaching3000USdollarsorsoshouldbearound60%(/WDI.),%,ionofnationalincometoisprimarydistributionofitsnationalincome,theabsoluteincomelevelo,theincomegapbetweenregions,ruralandurbanareas,,someproblemsthatcropupintheprimarydistributionhav,slaborshareisbasicallyinlinewiththe"UCurve"(Inthecourseoftheeconomicdevelopmentinvariouscountries,thechangeoflaborshareinprimarydistributionshowstheUCurve,namely,thelaborsharedeclinesbeforeitrises,,LiuLinlinWangHongling:"UCurveofLaborShareEvolutioninGDP",EconomicResearch,1stIssueof2009)supportedbyinternationalstatistics,andthewideningincomegapbetweenChineseresidentsalsotallieswith"KuznetsCurve"(WangXiaoluFanGang:"AnAnalysisoftheTrendsoftheIncomeGapinChinaandtheInfluencingFactors",EconomicResearch,10thIssueof2005).AccordingtoKuznetsanalysis(Kuznets,,AmericanEconomicReview,)ofthechangingincomegap,asimilarityexistsbetweenChinaandthecountriesofmaturemarketeconomy,namely,industrializationandurbanizationwillinitiallycauseandaggravatethelowratioofthelaborshareinincomedistributionandthegrowingdisparityandwillyetimprovetheincomedistributioninthelongrun.ByWuZhenjun,DRCTaskForceonPoliciesofIssuesofAgricultureResearchReportNo32,oductsBygivingplaytothecharacteristicsoftheresourcesandadvantagesoftheproductivebasesofitsdifferentregions,theprovinceofYunnanhasgivenscashcropsreached42millionmuin2010(15mumakeonehectare)andanoverallarrangementofrawmaterialbasesofcompetitiveagriculturalprod,theprovincehascementedandenhanceditscompetitiveindustrieswithtraditionalcharacteristics,suchastobacco,,,000tons,rank,~~20milliontons,withboththecultivatedareaandtheoutputmakingup16%orsoofthenationaltotal,,,%ofthenationaltotal,rankingtopinthecountry,andtheteaoutputhadreached207,000tons,%ofthenationaltotal,,theprovincehasacceleratedthed,thecultivatedareaofflowersinYunnanreached581,000mu,rankingfirstinthecountry,andtheoutputoffreshcutflowersrankedtopinthecountry,,thecultivatedareaofcoffeeinYunnanreached646,000mu,withaproductionof49,000tons,makingupmorethan99%and98%recentyears,thenumberofleadingenterprisesofagricultureindustrializationhasincnhavebeenbroughtupandtheg,thenumberofleadingenterprisesofagricultureindustrializationreached2012inYunnanandthenumberofvariouskindsoffarmproduceprocessingenterprisesabovethedesignatedsizereached1,omeinvolvedindistinctiveandcompetitiveindustries,fosteringenterpriseclusterswithdistinguishingfeatures,theto,344foreignenterprisesandover400enterprisesfromotherprovinceshavecometoYunnanforcultivation,breedingandprocessingofagriculturalproducts,whichwillfurtherpromotetheoveralllevelofthelorganizationlevelThenumberoffarmersprofessionalco-operativeorganizationshasincreasedrapidlyinYunnaninrecentyears,,thenumberoffarmersprofessionalco-operativeorganizationswidelyscatteredinvariousagriculturalindustries,suchastobacco,sugarandcoffee,hadincreasedto10,,,thenumberoffarmersprofessionalcooperativesregisteredatindustrialandcommercialauthoritieshadincreasedto7,lightoftheguidingprincipleof"VigorousGovernmentMotivation,CorrectMarketGuidance,ImpetusbyLeadingEnterprisesandActiveParticipationbyFarmers",theprovinceofYunnanhasdevotedmajoreffortstostartingtheconstructionofagriculturalstandardizationsyste,Yunnanhadformulatedandpromulgatedatotalof1,152localagriculturalstandardsandcriteria,,Yunnanhasconstructedatotalof134standardizationdemonstrationprojects,chcompetitiveanddistinctiveagriculturalindustriesascoffee,silkworm,flowers,youngforestplantsandspiceoil,,Yunnandevelopedatotalof4,658tobaccocooperativesand240,000productionhouseholds,,%oftheprovincialtotal,andrealized100%,suchprefecturesandmunicipalitiesasLincang,Dehong,PuerXishuangbannaandWenshanofYunnanhavevigorouslydevelopedsugarcanecultivationvillagesandteams,,,with57cultivationvillagesand154teamsbuilt,ofwhich,,coveringanareaof434,000mu,%.sputfortheffortstoadvancetheconstructionofthefarmproducecirculationmarket,improvedthemarketservicefunctions,initiallysetupthemodernfarmproducecirculationplatform,enhancedtheefficiencyoffarmproducecirculationandresolved,toacertainextent,thedifficultyfacingfarmers,cooperativesandagriculturalenterprisesinmarket"buyingandselling".Firstly,,Yunnanhassetupanaccumulativetotalof15,,Yunnanhadsetup213,000ruralcommercialnetworksunderthecountyleveland2,600farmersmarketshavebeenlistedasthestate-level"Double-HundredMarketProjects"(therenovationof100large-scaleagriculturalproductswholesalemarketsandthecultivationof100agriculturalenterprisesforcirculation-notesaddedbythetranslator).Yunnanhasinitiallyformedthemarketsystemwithwholesalemarketsplayingtheleadingrole,regionalmarketsasthemainstay,urbanandruraltrademarketsasthebasisandlarge-,,rmproducecold-chainsystem,theretraceablequalitysafetysystem,logisticsanddistributioncenters,inspectionandtestingcenters,safetymonitoringcenters,sewageandwastetreatmentcenters,,Yunnanha,thecommercialdepartmentsofYunnanhaveactivelyorganizedandstartedtheconnectionofagriculturalproductswithsupermarkets,enablingmorefarmproducecirculationenterprises,farmersco-operativeorganizationsandsupermarketstoparticipateintheaforesaidconnection,soastoimprovetheefficiencyinfarmproducecirculation.ByLiuShijin,ZhangJunkuo,HouYongzhiZhuoXian,TaskForceon"ChinasLevelofDevelopmentatthePresentStage",LeadingPartyGroupDepartmentofDevelopmentStrategyandRegionalEconomyofDRCResearchReportNo71,2011Theterm"developingcountry"referstoacountrythathasrelativelylowlevelsofeconomicandsocialdevelopmentandpeopleslivingstandardandisstillintheprocessoftransfor,itseconomyhasbeengrowingatanaverageannualrateofnearly10%anditstremendousachievemenllyacceptablepercapitadevelopmeeaquestionintheworldWhyhavesomeorganizationsandindividualsoftenquestionedChinas"developingcountry"statusconsciouslyorunconsciouslyandevenaskedChinatoassumeinternationalresponsibilitiesasadevelopedcountryThelateststatisticaldataindicatethatintermsofthegrossdomesticproduct(GDP),ChinaovertookJapanin2010tobecometheworld,somepeoplesuggestedChinaslabelsas"adevelopingcountryandanemergingmarket",weneedtoexplainwhyChinaremainsadevelopingcountryandatthesametimestudywhyChinas"developingcountry"ionalcommunitysmisunderstandingofthepresentstageofChinaseconomicdevelopmentbutalsohelpuscorrectlyunderstanlityThatChinasPerCapitaLevelsAreLowThetruelevelofacountrysdevelopmentismainlymeasuredbyitspercapitalevels,especiallyinthe30yearsafterChinabeganreformandopeningup,thecountry,Chinaisalreadytheworld,thelevelofChina,ChinaspercapitaGDPwasonly3,744dollarsin2009,whichwaslessthanhalfoftheworldaveragelevelof8,(46,000dollars),Japan(39,000dollars),Chinaspercapitapowerconsumptionin2007was2,332KWHs,rican(13,000KWHs).Alsoin2007,autopossessionbyper1,sautopossessionbyper1,ualityofthepeople,thelowerthelivingstandardis,sEngleCoefficientisfarhigherthanthatofdevelopedcountries(Table1).ThisindicatesthattheChinesestillhavetouseaconsiderableproportionoftheirspendingtomeettheirfood,,theyspendmuchlessoncultural,health,,whichisabasiclivingindicator,Chinas89%levelisnotonlyfarlowerthanindevelopedcountriesbutalsolowerthaninBrazil,SouthAfricaandotherdevelopingcountries(Table1).Sointermsoflivingstandard,outChinasGDPFirst,thesepeopledonotreallycareint,buttheytakethemmoreasapopeople,theywouldnotignorethepercapitaindicatorsthatcanbestreflectthestateofthelifeanddevelopmentoftheChinesepeopleandshouldnotchallengeChinas"developingcountry"statusbycitingChinasGDPratherthanitspercapitaindicators.。

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